THE COMPANY STORE IN COMPANY TOWNS, 1917.

"About forty years ago there came to Jerome a pioneer who fought his way from Oregon and guarded a small bunch of cattle" and a family of nine "as best he could. ... On the way through southern Nevada" thieves "took such a toll of the cattle that upon arriving [in 1879] on the Verde this pioneer had but few of the original herd. ... Hard times came with malaria and a food shortage, but this pioneer and his family weathered both and after a time moved his little herd of cattle to the mountains above Jerome and packed milk in on burros and horses to sell to the miners."

"He went to the T. F. Miller store and asked for credit, but it was denied although he offered his cattle as security. That was about twenty-five years ago. After accumulating a small amount of money the pioneer sent to a mail order house at Chicago and secured provisions and as he took them from the depot to his home Walter Miller saw them on the wagon and in the words of the poet "bawled him out" on the public street."

"Those were the days when the T. F. Miller store collected its bulls through the United Verde Copper company and a man who refused to trade at the T. F. Miller store lost his job and was replaced by one who did not mind having all of his bills deducted from his monthly pay in any manner the store saw fit. So, when Mr. Miller found that mail order houses were being patronized he had the freight and express watched and in the end the man who did not give his money to the store lost his job."

"About six weeks ago, after the draft and examinations, a young man was called to Camp Funston, a young patriot who felt the call of the country and did not ask for exemption although married men were being exempted. His wife had been trained to the business world so they both made the sacrifice although their love for each other was such as blesses but few. At the depot the woman did not weep for she was strong and the man took great pride in her and called her his brave girl and spoke exultingly of her afterward as his soldier woman. After a few days the woman started to work in the T. F. Miller offices, but a few days ago the head bookkeeper told her that her services would not be required after two weeks, explaining that her work was good, but that they must employ men as the women could not do the work in eight hours and the law forbade a firm to work a woman for a longer time. Therefore, Mr. Miller had sent to Los Angeles for two men to relieve the two women in the office."

"The T. F. Miller company having cut prices in order to freeze out the other stores finds that it must employ men whom it can work more than eight hours, importing them from Los Angeles without giving home men the opportunity --- regardless of the fact that in this state Colonel E. M. Lamson is training men and women well for the business world --- and throwing women out of employment."

"This is the time when women should stand together. And this is the time when men should stand together. If Mr. Miller sends to Los Angeles for men and discharges soldiers' wives because they can work only eight hours, why does he make such a fuss when people send away for their groceries?"

(The Jerome Sun; Saturday, November 17, 1917; page 3, column 4.)

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