1874: RIO VERDE INDIAN RESERVATION; February

"Washington, January 20. --- A statement has been prepared by the Indian Office, showing the outstanding indebtedness for and on account of the Indian service prior to July 1, 1873, to be $693,838, caused principally by inadequacy of appropriations heretofor made, and on account of Apache Indians in Arizona and New Mexico. The Commissioner says the policy regarding those Apaches has been to bring them peaceably or by force upon reservations, and, by feeding them, and properly providing for their wants and necessities, keeping them quiet as much as possible from depredating on citizens. Whenever they leave their reservations they are hunted down by the military and either killed or captured and brought back to the reservations. If not fed, therefore, by the Government, they must either starve on their reservations or be killed off. The Department has endeavored to keep them on the reservations and do all in its power to make them industrious and self-sustaining." (Arizona Weekly Miner; Prescott; February 6, 1874; page 2.)

"The Verde Indian agency can be made one of the best Indian colonies, and as healthy as any in the country, by the expenditure of a little money, and by making the Indians sleep on the mountain side, instead of, as now, on the river bank." (Arizona Weekly Miner; February 6, 1874; page 3.)

"IN GOOD CONDITION. --- The Indians of the Verde reserve, are fed and apparently well contented with resevation life. No more sickness in camp. They number over 1,000." (Arizona Weekly Miner; February 6, 1874; page 2, column 1.)

"Mr. C. C. Bean arrived, night before last, from the Rio Verde, where he had a great many Apache Indians at work, cutting and carrying hay to the post, for which he pays the Indians $15 per ton. He says both men and women work with a will, which is something new for Apaches. It will also be seen, in our telegram from the San Carlos reserve, that some 54 Indians are there plowing and doing other work on their farm, all of which goes to show that Crook's peace policy is the best yet devised." (Arizona Weekly Miner; February 6, 1874; page 3, column 1.)

"The large number of Apache-Mohaves and Apache-Tontos on the Verde reserve are loyal, hearty and feeling well. The same is true of the Indians on the White Mountain reserve. ... Cachise, Eskiminzin and other leading Apaches have, at last, succeeded in frightening the San Carlos Apaches into leaving their reservation." (Arizona Weekly Miner; February 13, 1874; page 2, column 1.)

"The Hualpais number about 600 souls. ... They have a country of their own, and ... ask nothing more, nothing less, than to be let alone in it. But, they are wanted to swell the lists of the Colorado River Indian Reservation, in order to put money into somebody's pocket, and they swear they will die rather than go there. ... To this reservation, the Indian Department would likewise drag about 2,000 Apache-Mohaves and Tontos, mountain Indians, who are now happy and content on the Verde reservation, 40 miles east from Prescott, in the country of their birth, where wood, water, grass, game, almost everything needed by them is plenty, and where, under the eyes of Gen. Crook and Dr. Williams, who, although a 'Society' agent, is honest and kind to his wards, they are sure of all that Government appropriates for them. Forgiving the Hualpais and the Apaches above alluded to for crimes of the past, liking them as well as we like all good Indians, we pray Government to save them from removal to the Colorado River Reserve, where, if not starved to death, the climate would soon shrivel them to moping mummies, and disease would do the rest. Let them stay in their own countries, give them some tools, seeds, and in our word for it, they will soon cease to be a tax on the country." (Arizona Weekly Miner; February 20, 1874; page 1.)

"Jos. Melvin, L. B. St. James and G. W. Bowers arrived here from the Verde, where, according to Mr. Bowers, are about 1,100 Indians on the reservation, all happy, owing to a recent issue, by their good agent, Dr. J. Williams, of flannels, calico, needles, thread, etc." (Arizona Weekly Miner; February 20, 1874; page 3, column 1.)

"Lieut. Schuyler's command of 40 picked Indian trailers having to be increased to 100, nearly 150 Apaches presented themselves as volunteers to be enlisted, so that Lieut. Schuyler had no difficulty in securing the best material for his detachment. A scouting party is now being organized at Camp Verde, for service in the Tonto Basin." (Arizona Weekly Miner; February 20, 1874; page 3, column 1.)

"Lieut. Schuyler left Camp Verde with his command on the 22d. He has about one hundred Indian scouts and a large detachment of the Fifth Cavalry. He expects to scout through the Tonto Basin to Camp McDowell." (Arizona Weekly Miner; February 27, 1874; page 3.)

"HEADQUARTERS DEPT. OF ARIZONA, Prescott, A. T., Feb. 18, 1874."

To "Hon. E. P. Smith, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Washington, D. C.:"

"It will take $24,000 to eventually complete the ditch at Verde, but %5,000 if the work is commenced at once, will complete the ditches sufficiently to irrigate all the land the Indians can cultivate the coming year. When these Indians raise their own supplies, it will be an annual saving to the Government of over $30,000."

"(Signed.) Geo. Crook, Brigadier-General."

(Arizona Weekly Miner; March 6, 1874; page 2.)

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