1867: UNION PACIFIC RAILWAY.
"General Palmer and a party started from Whipple on Tuesday last, for the purpose of looking out a route for the railroad from Prescott to the Little Colorado, via the Agua Frio ranch and Camp Lincoln on the Rio Verde, from which place, or from a point on the river about 10 miles above it, they think they can find a pass through the Mogollone range of mountains. Several of our old citizens accompanied the party as guides."
"They will go as far as the Little Colorado, where they expect to meet the surveying party, when all will return to Prescott. The country between Prescott and the Rio Verde is an easy one over which to build a road, and we doubt not but that it will be the one adopted, should a practicable route be found in the region of country close to the Verde, and we have great faith that such a one will be found."
"More than a year ago, Captain Washburn, who it will be remembered, commanded Camp Lincoln for a long time, and who scouted considerable through the country north of that post, informed us that he knew of an excellent pass over which a rail or wagon-road could be built with great ease, and at little expense. If such a pass does exist, there is no trouble whatever in reaching Prescott from the Little Colorado."
"We have traveled on top of the divide, of the Mogollone range, from about thirty miles east on the settlements of the Rio Verde, to the Rio de Los Milpas, which divides the Mogollone from the Sierra Blanca, and we know that there are several depressions in the range through which the iron horse could run."
"The pass spoken of by the Captain is about 10 miles above Camp Lincoln, and that is the very place it should be, as the summit of the range opposite that point is low and level. About 20 miles south there are high peaks, and the ascent from the river is very difficult. But if we remember rightly, from this point, for about 40 miles north, the mountains are level and not much higher than the mesa at their northern base."
"We have great faith in the adoption of this route, as it is the most feasible and direct one we know of. It would run, for scores of miles, through a forest of as good timber as eye ever beheld, and would not have to cross a canyon, creek or river than an Indian could not jump over, until it reached the Verde, which is a large stream, but easily bridged. This route would run through a splendid agricultural, grazing and mineral country, with as fine a climate as any portion of the globe. In fact, the advantages and inducements offered by the country bordering the line of the 35th arallel in Arizona are as great, if not greater than those offered by any other section of the known world, and General Palmer and the gentlemen who accompanied him here, acknowledged that fact."
"Two hundred miles of the road was built the past year, and by the 1st of next month, the cars will be running to Pond creek, from which place to Santa Fe it is but 402 miles. Should Congress grant the necessary aid the coming winter, we have been assured that work will commence upon the road at two or three points in this Territory. If so, it is more than likely that the praiseworthy ambition of the Company will be crowned with success, and the Union Pacific Railway, E. D., [Eastern Division] will be the first road over which an engine will run, carrying with it the glad tidings that the East and the West --- the Atlantic and the Pacific, are united in interest, in destiny, and in the praiseworthy work of developing and building up every portion of our common country."
(Arizona Miner; Fort Whipple; November 23, 1867; page 2.)
General Palmer is Treasurer of the Union Pacific Railway Company, Eastern Division.