1873: PEACE AT LAST; April 6.
"Having just returned from the Verde, where we saw Gen. Crook's small, but victorious army of whites and loyal Indians, and where we witnessed the unconditional submission and surrender of two of the worst bands of Apaches that have heretofore murdered and robbed our citizens and desolated this portion of our afflicted Territory, we can and do, with unspeakable pleasure, joy, and gratitude, proclaim our steadfast belief that Crook has, at last, conquered the hostile Indians of Arizona; that Peace is inaugurated, and that civilization has triumphed over barbarism, terrorism and all other flagrantly vile isms!"
"It was Sunday, April 6, 1873, at Camp Verde, that the key stone was set in Crook's arch of peace, to the great joy and gratitude of all who witnessed this crowning act of glory in the career of the conquerer of more than twenty tribes of Indians, whose homes stretch from far off Green River to our own Gila. Yes, Sunday, the blessed Sabbath, was the auspicious day; and, as the 'better the day, the better the deed,' we believe that this peace will be lasting; more lasting than peace which any canting miscalled 'peace' commissioner has ever made, or ever can make."
"HOW IT WAS BROUGHT ABOUT: It is known to most all Arizonians and to citizens of the other Territories and States who take an interest in the affairs of this Territory, and who have read recent accounts of the brilliant successes of our gallant defenders --- the soldiers --- over a foe that first conquered this Territory from its peaceful and industrious owners; then for over 200 years, defied the power of Spain and Mexico, and, for upwards of twenty years, that of our own great country."
"THE COUNCIL commenced about 9:30, a. m. when 'ground was broken' by 'Mr. Cracky,' a Mohave Indian, who has settled among and gained some influence with the Apache-Mohave Indians of the Verde region. No nice presents (purchased by Government) had Crook to bestow upon the assembled savages as had the fraud Colyer and the weak Howard, but, out of his own pocket had he purchased a few articles of consumption, and with his own hands did he divide it among the Apaches, who very eagerly clutched the proffered favors."
"Cigarritos were lighted by the Indians, and everything being in readiness the General, through Cracky, as interpreter, informed the Apache-Mohaves, that for several days past, he had been waiting to see a sufficient number of them present themselves and inform him of their desires. They, through their chief, said their greatest desire was for peace."
"Just as these words were uttered, there was observed, on the east bank of the Verde river, a long line of hoodlum Apaches, coming at a rapid rate, toward the post. There was a lull in the proceedings, and, in a short time, Shuzler Pan, followed by about 150 Apache-Tonto men, women and children, confronted the members of the council and lookers on. The destroying 'angels' relieved themselves of their weapons and sat down in Council; the women laid down their loads of food and babies, and took back seats, not far from their Apache-Mohave sisters. General Crook said if they came to make another fraudulent peace, he did not care to aid them in doing so. Up spoke 'Shuzler Pan,' war-chief of the real Apaches and Apache-Tontos present. He was ripe for real, true, permanent peace. The General's American and Apache soldiers had disturbed his mind for many moons past. His warriors had been unable to dodge them; they had penetrated sections of country where soldiers had never before dreamed of going. Copper cartridges had played havoc among his band; he and they were almost dead on their feet from continual watching and fasting; hundreds of Apaches had paid the penalties of their lives, and as himself and brother survivors were not willing to lie with them in the last ditch, he first thanked the General, then God, for holding forth the olive and permitting them to come in under the whitest rag in the band."
"Another chief then took the floor and came down handsomely with promises the fairest and best."
"It was then Crook's turn. He pointed to his 'boys in blue,' --- Americans and Apaches --- who, under Major Brown and other valiant hardship-enduring officers, had chased and licked Mr. Apache into this melting mood. Set forth how they could have killed more erring red brethern had he wished them to do so; how, being mercifully inclined, the great Father at Washington, his soldiers and citizens, concluded to give the Apaches one more chance to act as human beings and not as fiends."
"To this, Shuzler Pan answered, in a quiet manner, that he was quite willing to be reconstructed; not from any great desire he had to change his former mode of life, but through fear and trembling of those terrible soldiers who had penetrated his country and drove himself and Indians out of the fastness that had never before been reached by an enemy. God, he further said, had made the Indians bad at heart, for which God was to blame; but now, that Crook had forced them into this, to them, a humiliating situation, they were willing to accept it, and to do as Crook should advise, for, said Mr. Schuzle Pan, you (Crook) appear to have power to undo the evils under which God has forced us to live. Irreverent remarks, to be sure, and not at all flattering to the Great Spirit."
"So ended the weighty talk of the conference. After it General Crook informed them that they must immediately induce all outside barbarians (hostile Indians then in the mountains) to come upon the reservation, or they would be killed. Shuzler Pan and the other chiefs promised to do so without delay, and asked for passes to protect the runners from soldiers and citizens while doing so. The passes were promised. Del-chaye, a very bad chief, and his Indians, who were around the Four Peaks, were eager to eat Government crow, and upon being informed of this fact, the General informed the chiefs that peace, food and friendship awaited Delshaye and his ragamuffins. And, said he, your agent, Dr. Williams, will do his best to help you along on the reservation, where you must start at once, in the business of cultivating the soil, so that, should the people who pay taxes for your support, grow tired of doing so, you will be able to provide for yourselves."
"Again, there are bad whites, but they will not be permitted to trouble you; the law will prevent them from doing so; you, too, must prepare yourselves for self-government, by putting down the unruly among you; must raise horses, cattle and other useful animals, to the end that you may become possessed of property, rights of citizenship, etc. This language tickled the barbarians, and pleased the whites."
"Crook then drew a contrast between the condition of the happy, hilarious and well fed Apache soldiers and that of the crow-bait reds who had just come in; thanked the former for the good sevice they had performed, advised them to take care of the money they had earned; to buy mares and cows with it, and finally concluded by reminding them that they should set a good example to such of their brethern as had not yet cast aside all hatred of the whites, and prejudices against civilization."
"After this, the vanquished Apaches went up the river, to the old post, where their hunger was appeased. The General mustered his officers around him, and in the presence of Dr. Williams, Indian agent for the Verde resevation, gave his views in relation to the way in which they should treat all Indians on and off the resevations. That these views were sound and to the point, not one person who is at all acquainted with General Crook, will, for one moment, doubt. They pleased Dr. Williams, of the Indian Department; also, all military officers who heard them expressed. They were to treat the Indians as human beings; to make them no promises which could not be fulfilled; to maintain order among them; to instruct them in their simple duties to their God, the government and its citizens; and to prove to them that peace was better than war."
"Before taking leave of this treaty and its side issues, we will repeat the belief once before expressed, that, it will prove a permanent treaty." ...
(The Weekly Arizona Miner; Prescott; April 12, 1873; page 2.)