1881 RUMORS: "The Indian Scare," September, Part 1.
"CAUSE OF THE INDIAN WAR."
"On the 12th of last month the senior editor of this paper, A. H. Hackney, on his way from Tucson, stopped over night at the Sub-Agency, 15 miles from San Carlos. He was informed by Mr. Hoag that a medicine man of the White Mountain Apaches, had been interviewing the bones of a departed chief, and that the bones had said that the white man must go under and the Indians be on top. Mr. Hoag had received his information from an Indian who had also informed him that he --- Hoag --- and one other white man would be permitted to remain on the Agency. The next day Judge Hackney arrived at San Carlos and informed Col. Tiffany and Col Gardiner, the Inspector. The Inspector said, 'If this is the case, Col. Tiffany, you must arrest that man.' A telegram was shortly afterwards sent to Gen. Carr in accordance with the demands of the Inspector."
"The medicine man, upon being arrested and while enroute to Camp Apache, incited the Indian scouts to revolt and make war on the whites. --- Silver Belt."
(The Weekly Arizona Miner; Prescott; September 23, 1881; page 1.)
"The number of Indians on the Reservation at the last census was 4977. They are divided into eight tribes: White Mountain, Chiricahuas, Coyoteros, San Carlos, Agua Calientes, Mohaves, Yumas and Tontos. ... The White Mountains are the hostiles now, and the perpetrators of the atrocities recently committed in our Territory."
"The hostiles are said to number about 350 Indians. If that is all there is it would seem that a government which rules the affairs of 50,000,000 people could soon put an end to this trouble. We ask for arms and ammunition, and we ask the government to fight for the retention of the empire which we have won for them by our sufferings, our hardships and our valor. --- Silver Belt."
(The Weekly Arizona Miner; September 23, 1881; page 1.)
"Cary & Gessinger's freight teams arrived here yesterday from Maricopa with 30,000 lbs. of black powder for L. Bashford & Co. They were about 35 days on the road." (The Weekly Arizona Miner; Prescott; September 2, 1881; page 3.)
"Gov. Fremont is East discussing the Indian problem. Gen. Willcox is here in Arizona watching the red knaves. His soldiers are now on the hunt of a red fellow who tried to create a disturbance on the San Carlos reservation. He will be caught and put where he can do the least harm."
"The selection of San Carlos for an Indian reservation was a bad piece of work. Its location is too near bad Indians of New Mexico and Sonora. The valley of the Verde River, in this county, is where Indians ought to be located, if they are to remain in the Territory. There is more good farming and grazing land there than at San Carlos, more timber and more water for irrigation than is afforded by every stream in southern Arizona, south of the Gila. Then, a reservation on the Verde would be isolated, cheaply maintained and easily guarded. Some 1500 Indians were, at one time, happy and content on the Verde, but Southern Arizona contractors and politicians effected their removal for purposes of gain. To these facts we request the attention of the proper authorities here and at Washington." ...
(The Weekly Journal Miner; Prescott; September 2, 1881; page 3.)
"HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF ARIZONA, WHIPPLE ... September 1, 1881."
"Mr. Marion, ARIZONA MINER: --- Immediately after you left the office yesterday, rumors began to pour in to the effect that there had been a fight with Indians on Cibicu Creek. Accounts are very conflicting and nothing definite is known. Steps were at once taken to protect settlers and act promptly against the Indians. Troops are moving in all directions against the hostiles."
"The foregoing came to hand at noon today. We did not expect to hear such news. It is not, however, surprising. Cibicu Creek rises in the Mogollon mountains, about 100 miles east of Verde and 140 east of Prescott."
"We, with other citizens, had a night-fight there, with Indians, in the latter part of September, 1866. Fort Apache is some 40 miles east of Cibicu. General Carr and other officers are in that section. The country is mountainous and thickly timbered. The rumor is that the Apaches were in large force, and stood the troops off. This, we think, is not so. The telegraph line between Apache and Thomas was not, at latest date, in working order, so that the Military authorities at Whipple are without definite information. Nothing, however, is being left undone by Gen. Willcox. Troops are moving in every direction." ...
(The Weekly Arizona Miner; Prescott; September 2, 1881; page 3.)
"THE REDS: The MINER is not an alarmist. No one connected with it has ever been accused of being afraid of an Indian or two. For ourself, fearful as we are of a lighted candlestick in the hands of a cow-boy, we never yet sobbed aloud when being shot at by Indians; nor lost much sleep while sneaking through sections of country where they were the predominant devils. Our experience with Apaches commenced early in 1864. We have seen as many of them as almost any Arizonian, and don't care a continental cuss if we never saw another. But the fiends are, evidently, on the warpath, and we pity those who may be at their 'mercy,' Indian agents excepted." --- from Saturday's Daily.
"Since penning the foregoing, it has come to us, pretty straight, but not exactly certain, that the rumor concerning the massacre of Gen. Carr's command, 'is confirmed' by Indians who, it appears, 'heard' of the sacrifice of white lives and carried the news to Col. Tiffany, Indian Agent at San Carlos reservation."
"We find it hard to believe such bad news, but circumstances which we will relate, force us to do so."
"We have already told about the 'medicine man,' who, with some followers, left San Carlos for the mountains. Gen Carr and his command went out to bring him and his followers back, or kill them, we suppose. With the command was a company of Indian scouts, equipped as well as out own soldiers. The 'hostiles' were 'felt' somewhere on Cibicu Creek. They lay in ambush for our white soldiers, who were led into the ambush by 'our' Indian allies, who, it is said, joined in the massacre."
"As the wires between Fort Apache and the southern forts were evidently cut by the Indians, the military authorities had not, at noon to-day, any news from Fort Apache. Besides the treacherous Indians, Gen Carr had with him two companies of cavalry and seven --- some say eight --- officers."
"Should this sad news be confirmed, we will have to devote some attention to the San Carlos Indian Agent, who has, all along, proclaimed that no citizen or soldier of the Territory need fear anything like trouble with the Apaches. There must have been present, on the Cibicu, a large force of Indians who, after having achieved so signal a success, as is alleged, may have marched against Fort Apache and captured it. If so, what, in God's name, have they not, ere this, done to scattered settlers and their property. We shudder to think of what they have always done on such occasions."
"Three companies of cavalry, on receipt of posts. Nothing, so far, has been heard from them. Other companies of cavalry and infantry are marching, night and day, towards Cibicu."
(The Weekly Arizona Miner; Prescott; September 9, 1881; page 1.)
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