1903: MINES; Nichols Group at Jerome.
"THE NICHOLS GROUP In the Verde Copper District: A Property That Merits the Attention of Mining Men with Capital --- an Interesting Description by a Miner-Expert"
"One of the most interesting group of claims in the near neighborhood of Jerome is what is known as the W. W. Nichols group, located along the southeast corner of the corporate limits of the town of Jerome, one of the claims extending within the corporate limits. During the week a News representative went over the ground with a practical miner who has successfully handled many mines in Arizona and Montana, and who has kindly written the following description of the property:"
"These mines are located in the Verde mining district, in the foothills of the Black Hills range, in Yavapai county, Arizona, and adjoin the eastern boundry of Jerome. The claims are on the slopes and top of a large hill of limestone formation, adjoining the patented mines of the Verde Queen Copper company, the north end line of the Greenflower being about 200 feet from the smelters of the Verde Queen company."
"The mines and smelters of the great United Verde Copper company are about 2,500 feet to the north."
"To the west and south are a number of patented mines, which are being worked and developed."
"The formation is in limestone, a bed of red sandstone lying underneath the lime. The ore bodies of these claims all lie in the lime formation. At the north end of the claims a malapias formation comes in."
"The group consists of two full-size, patented claims known as the Greenup and Greenflower, one claim known as the Klondyke, and a fraction claim known as the Nichols. These last two claims are not patented, but the regular title and assessment work has been done."
"Two good wagon roads cross the claims, and the terminus of the United Verde and Pacific railroad is about half a mile to the north."
"A pipe line of the Jerome City Water Supply crosses the Greenflower claim about 200 feet from the main tunnel, and will furnish sufficient water for camp and development use. The Verde river, about four miles from the claims, would furnish an unlimited water supply for all mining and smelting purposes, if needed."
"On the south end of the Greenup there is one cut about 20 feet long, and three tunnels. Two of these tunnels have tapped the ledge about forty feet from the mouth of the tunnel requires about 20 feet more to strike the ledge, which outcrops on the surface above the tunnel."
"On the Greenflower there is one tunnel 40 feet long and one cut about 20 feet long, and the main tunnel about 380 feet in length, and straight to the north, well secured from caving. At the end of this tunnel there is a shaft 50 feet deep. Other small cuts are on the outcropping at various places."
"On the south end of the Greenup claim the outcrop of conglomerated copper ore begins, and continues in a northwesterly direction for about 3,000 feet, going through the Greenup and onto the Greenflower. This outcrop is exposed at various places on the surface, being from 20 to 30 feet wide, and in two places it is from 20 to 40 feet in width."
"All the cuts and tunnels on these claims show ore, and this place will strike the ledge at not more than 20 feet further in, as the ledge shows on the surface."
"This tunnel is on the Greenflower, and runs in a northerly direction, being about 300 feet long. The dump is all of ore and conglomerated copper limestone."
"At the beginning there is a large body of conglomerated rock, composed of boulders of iron and lime and quartz impregnated with copper. At a distance of 40 feet from the mouth of the tunnel a harder formation is encountered, the ore here lying in a blanket formation and being the full size of the tunnel."
"Further in, about 100 feet from the mouth of the tunnel, is encountered a streak of black iron and pulverized quartz and porphyry, dipping to the west. This streak is about three feet in width and continues along the tunnel for about 50 feet, and carries a high grade of copper and gold ore."
"At a point about 200 feet from the mouth of the tunnel, a streak of high grade copper ore crosses the tunnel at right angles. Another similar streak comes in 50 feet further on, being of a softer formation and about 5 feet wide, also carrying a high grade of copper ore. In fact, some picked specimens from this place show native copper."
"Three hundred feet from the mouth of the tunnel the blanket ledges which have existed from the beginning, turn, and assume a vertical pitch, and seem to strike straight down, the formation changing at this point. It is here that a shaft should be sunk, to demonstrate the continuation of the blanket ledges to a solid ore body lower down."
"For the next 50 feet of the tunnel is crossed by big splits in the formation, which left openings, and these openings or splits have been filled with a high grade of copper ores. The splits are in a solid and permanent formation and no doubt show great permanency of ore bodies lower down, as they were formed by eruptions and forces from the interior of the earth, which at the same time forced the copper from the interior toward the surface."
"At the end or face of the tunnel there is a 30-foot crosscut to the west. A 50-foot shaft has been sunk from this crosscut, and all the shaft is in ore, but, while this shaft shows ore, still, it would be better to sink the shaft in one of the large splits mentioned before."
"From the face of the tunnel to the surface of the hill above the distance is about 125 feet. The entire tunnel from the beginning to the face, shows copper ore."
"An average sample taken from the conglomerated ore body at the mouth of the tunnel showed the following values: Copper, 22%; Gold, $8.00; Silver, 2 oz."
"An assay from the iron streak, about 100 feet from the mouth of the tunnel, showed the following: Copper, 15.2%; Gold $10.00; Silver 10 oz."
"A selected sample from the ores found in the splits about 300 feet in from the tunnel, assayed as follows: Copper 42%; Gold, $7.00; Silver, 5 oz."
"Assays from the face of the tunnel show as follows: Copper, 8.6%; Gold, $1.00; Silver, 3 oz."
"One sample being an average taken from the break or split, about 50 feet from the face of the tunnel showed the following values: Copper, 25%; Gold, $9.00; Silver, ..."
"At the place this assay was taken is the best showing in the tunnel, and it is the place where a shaft should be sunk."
"An average sample of the outcroppings of the ledge which shows as a conglomerated formation at many places on the claims gave the value in copper of 19%."
"Bromide of copper shows in many places and azure copper is quite prominent also."
(Jerome Mining News; Monday, March 10, 1903; page 1, columns 2-4.)
Green Flower and Green Up were patented by L. M. Olden, A. W. Whittaler, and W. W. Nichols. They are described in Survey No. 1455. There are about 20 acres in each claim, for a total of 40.583 acres. Green Flower has part of the main road, called Hampsire, and East Avenue. Green Up has Dundee Avenue and Mine Road. The hill area is often called the "Hog Back."